Permaculture is an agricultural practice that promotes sustainability and long-term plans for a healthy ecosystem. It focuses on growing useful plants that benefit people, animals, and the earth. To start a permaculture garden, you need to plan for understory plants that add value to the landscape. Shade-loving plants like American Holly, Blueberry, Chives, Hardy Kiwi, Lettuce, Ostrich Fern, Pawpaw, Red Buckeye, and Serviceberry are great options. These plants thrive in shady areas and contribute to the overall ecosystem. They provide food, attract pollinators, and enhance the aesthetic appeal of the garden.